Our theory of change

Our theory of change explains our central objective, how we will achieve it, and the impact it will have.


1. Sustainable public-private partnerships and inclusive multi-stakeholder dialogues on trade facilitation reform Sustainable public-private partnerships (PPPs) and multi-stakeholder dialogues (MSDs) where both public and private stakeholders work together on trade facilitation are vital to ensuring reforms address the needs of both sectors and projects benefit from private sector expertise. Building an environment conducive to trade facilitation includes enhancing public awareness and support for TFA ratification and implementation.
2.Commercially measurable trade facilitation reforms Delivering commercially meaningful trade facilitation reforms will make trade simpler, faster and more cost effective, increase in-country capacity to enact reforms and demonstrate that change through PPPs works.
3.Evidence, analysis and insight based Alliance projects Capturing lessons learnt from trade facilitation reform through monitoring and evaluation and sharing best practices will encourage more governments and businesses to identify and pursue meaningful reforms. At the same time, the adoption of international best practices makes their design more efficient and impactful and contributes to the harmonisation of trade procedures and practices around the globe.


Enhanced trade facilitation implementation The Alliance’s central objective is to accelerate trade facilitation implementation.
Reduced time and cost of cross-border trade Analysis suggests that enhanced trade facilitation through the TFA alone could reduce total trade costs by more than 14% for low-income countries and more than 13% for upper middle-income countries by streamlining the flow of trade across borders.


Increased trade and investment The reduction in trade costs associated with implementation of the TFA could increase developing countries’ exports by up to US$730 billion per year. Trade facilitation reform also has the potential to significantly increase investment, especially into sectors such as manufacturing.
Inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction The macroeconomic link between trade and investment and economic growth is well established, and broadly, economic growth is critical for poverty alleviation. Improved trade facilitation policies can connect poor people to regional and global markets, allowing for increased incomes and reduced poverty.